What Is Cryptocurrency: A Guide

• Cryptocurrency is an online-based exchange system that uses cryptographic functions to perform financial transactions. Cryptocurrencies contribute to blockchain technology to improve power distribution, transparency, and consistency.

• They are not controlled by any middle manager. The low-blockchain environment makes cryptocurrencies out of the traditional way of government regulation and disruption.

• They can be sent directly between two groups using private and public keys. These transfers can be made through disposable processing fees, allowing users to avoid the fees charged by traditional financial institutions.

While cryptocurrency is new and exciting, buying it can be speculative as one has to take the right amount of research to understand how each system works.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a payment method that is traded online for goods and services. Many companies have issued their fees, often referred to as tokens, and these can be exchanged for a fair amount of goods or the service offered by the company. You will need to exchange real currency with  digital currency to access goods or services. Cryptocurrencies use a technology called a blockchain.

What Is a Blockchain?

What Is Cryptocurrency: How Blockchain works

David Schatsky, managing director of Deloitte, says, “A blockchain is a digital and distributed transaction book or a user database that continuously updates digital records in real-time on a computer network.” The activity is recorded in “blocks” and then linked together in a “chain” of previous cryptocurrency operations. Blockchain technology does not require a central authority to accept transactions.

Buchi Okoro, CEO, and founder of the African cryptocurrency exchange Quidax explains, “Think of a book when you write down everything you use every day. Each page is like a block, and a complete book, a set of pages, is a block. ”

With the help of blockchain, everyone who uses cryptocurrency has a text similar to this book to generate an integrated transaction record. The software installs each new transaction as it happens, and every single copy of the blockchain is quickly rearranged with new information, keeping all records consistent and accurate.

How many cryptocurrencies are there and their worth?

More than 6,700 different cryptocurrencies are publicly traded. They also continue to grow, raising money through Initial Coin Offerings, or ICOs. The estimated total value of all hidden currencies exceeds $ 897.3 billion, and the total value of all bitcoins, the most popular digital currency, is estimated at $ 563.8 Billion.

How can you mine Cryptocurrency?

Mining is the way in which new digital currency units are released globally to secure transactions. While it is possible in studies that one can install cryptocurrency, it is becoming increasingly difficult in the evidence of applications, such as Bitcoin.

And remember: Proof of cryptocurrencies requires large amounts of energy in the mine. According to a survey, 0.21% of the world’s total electricity goes to empowering Bitcoin farms. That is about the same amount of energy Switzerland uses per year. Most Bitcoin miners end up using 60% to 80% of what they do from the mines to pay for electricity.

Common Types of Cryptocurrency

What Is Cryptocurrency: The different types of Cryptocurrency.

Here is a list of cryptocurrency types—representing the most popular trade crypto projects:

1. Bitcoin

Probably “Coca Cola” for all crypto, because its name is very popular and is closely linked to the cryptocurrency system.

There are currently more than 18.5 million Bitcoin tokens, against the current limit of 21 million.

2. Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin Cash is one of the most common forms of digital currency on the market. The main difference with the original Bitcoin is its Block size: 8MB compared to the original Bitcoin block size of just 1MB. It means for users — fast processing speed.

3. Litecoin

Litecoin is increasingly being used in the same way as Bitcoin, and it works in the same way. Charlie Lee, a former Google employee, designed it. It is designed to improve Bitcoin technology, with faster transaction times, less money, more focused miners.

 4. Ethereum

Unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum focuses on distributed applications such as mobile apps. You can think of Ethereum as an app/play store.

The platform aims to restore control of apps to its original creators and remove control from people within Apple/Google. Anyone who can make changes to the app can only be the first creator. The token here is called Ether, which is used as currency by app developers and users.

5. Ripple

Ripple is not supported in Blockchain. It is not intended as much for certain users as it is for large companies and large companies, to move large amounts of money (its money known as XRP) worldwide.

It is known for its digital payment protocol over its XRP crypto because the system allows money transfers of any kind, be it Dollars or Bitcoin (or others). It declares to be able to handle 1,500 transactions per second (tps). Compare this to Bitcoin, which can handle 3-6 tps and Ethereum can handle 15 tps.

6. Stellar

Stellar is focused on money transfer, and its network aims to make them faster and more efficient, even at national borders. It is run by a non-profit organization called Stellar.org.

Its purpose is to contribute to a developing economy that may not be accessible to traditional banks and savings opportunities. It does not charge users or institutions for using its Stellar network and covers operating costs by accepting taxable public services.

7. NEO

Formerly known as Antshares, NEO aims to be a major global crypto player. Its focus is on smart contracts (digital contracts) that allow users to make and use agreements without agents.

It follows its main competitor, Ethereum, but NEO has three distinct advantages – better construction, smarter contracts with engineer builders, and digital ownership and digital assets for post-work in the real world. While Ethereum uses its programming languages ​​that engineers must learn before making smart contracts on its platform.

8. Cardano

Cardano is used to send and receive digital money. It states that the highly structured and sustainable network of payment and coin only “has a scientific philosophy and method of research.” It deals with difficult reviews only for system experts and analysts.


IOTA stands for Internet of Things Application. It does not work with blockchain; works with smart devices in the Internet of Things (IoT).

IOTA does not use miners to verify transactions, instead, users who issue new transactions must approve two previous transactions and make a small amount of proof of work called Directed Active Graph (DAG), but IOTA creators call it The Tangle. Transactions can therefore be made free of charge, facilitating microtransaction.

The Takeaway

What Is Cryptocurrency: Cryptocurrency, money of the future?

The cryptocurrency room is fast and wild. Almost every day new cryptocurrencies are evolving, the old region, early arrivals are getting rich, and participants are losing money. Markets are dirty. But that doesn’t change the fact that cryptocurrencies will stay – and change the world. Chaos is already happening. Official investors have started buying cryptocurrencies. Banks and governments understand that this creation has the power to take away their control. Cryptocurrencies are changing the world. Step by step. One can stand and testify – or be part of the history in construction.

Ashpreet Kaur
Ashpreet Kaur

Ashpreet Kaur is an intern at Arcane Lost. Ashpreet is a Postgrad student majoring in Literature. She is a freelance writer. She prefers reading Mystery/thriller novels. Apart from this, she loves binge-watching shows and movies on a lazy day.

Leave a Reply